The stone masonry industry regularly use various kinds of natural and artificial stone. Deciding on the best stone for the right application is important.
Here are some several types of natural stone, found in the three, main geographical rock types:
Igneous Igneous rock is formed by the cooling of magma or lava and may or may not involve crystallization characteristics. Natural, igneous stone types include Granite which is one of many hardest stone around and requires special stonemason techniques to work with. kent ragstone fixers It is generally employed by masons because of its strength and durability in countertops, kerbstones and flooring.
Other igneous rock types are the softer Pumice and Scoria to the more harder Obsidian and Basalt stone which are utilized in stone masonry for groundwork and building blocks.
Metamorphic Metamorphic rock is rock that has undergone transformation from a preexisting rock type, involving extreme pressures and temperatures over long intervals, causing profound chemical and physical’metamorphism ‘.
Marble is really a typical and popular metamorphic rock that has, by tradition, been carved into statues, and for facing Renaissance stonework. There are various kinds of marble differentiated by their colour, petographic type and other factors. Some typically common types are the white or blue-grey Carrara marble quarried in Carrara, Italy. Marble is employed by stonemasons mainly for it’s decorative characteristics in flooring, tiling and in fireplaces.
Another popular metamorphic rock is Slate. Its hardness and granularity supplies a sharpness which is popular for memorials and inscriptions. Its layered form enables masons to split it into thin plates and use it as a roofing material.
Sedimentary Sedimentary rock is formed in water from the sedimentation of other rock, calcium deposits and organic particles. Again, a long process and application of heat and pressure to form strata layers right into a structure called bedding. In this bedding it’s also possible to find fossil fuels and ores.
Common Sedimentary rock are limestone. Commonly used samples of limestone include Yorkstone, Sydney and Bath and Portland stone which all the City of Bath is manufactured from. Kentish Ragstone is another famous limestone from Kent employed by Kent stonemasons of the past. Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London and Kent’s Castles such as for instance Leeds Castle are famous stoneworks made from Kent Ragstone by Kent masons.
Travertine can also be a popular limestone which is useful for its soft aesthetic looks. It is generally used as a cladding, in flooring, walls and in bathrooms