Many systems today count on hydraulics to perform different tasks. Unlike mechanical systems which need solid components to go other components, hydraulics utilizes fluids and the force generated by them.
What’s so special about hydraulics, especially since exactly the same results, pretty much, can be performed through mechanical, electrical and pneumatic systems? The solution is based on the effectiveness of fluids and how they are able to turn a comparatively weak pump or similar component into the one that generates force often times the first amount.
Pros of hydraulic systems
Fluids flow smoothly and this feature is put on systems and heavy equipment. The force generated by hydraulics produces very smooth movement that will be invaluable in applications where jerky motions can’t be tolerated.
A second feature of this kind of system is load-bearing capacity. Unlike pneumatic systems that count on compressed gas, hydraulics has the capacity to ΥΔΡΑΥΛΙΚΟΣ ΑΘΗΝΑ bear much heavier weights as it’s incompressible. It does it smoothly too, something pneumatic systems can’t achieve while the air pressure alters with cylinder movement and load changes. Moreover, the amount of force needed to generate exactly the same produced by a hydraulic system is significantly more. This can translate into higher expenses as larger and stronger components carry heftier price tags.
With regards to energy, hydraulics uses much less when comparing to others like pneumatic systems. Heat loss can be less this means not much energy can be used to generate the necessary force. Since such systems are typically used in large scale applications in settings like factories and plants, it becomes vital that you cut corners without compromising quality and production volume. Hydraulics allows this while combining the rest of the benefits mentioned above.
Cons of hydraulics
Where there are numerous benefits to using hydraulics additionally, there are cons. This shouldn’t be an obstruction but should rather give us an understanding of what to expect.
Since hydraulics utilizes fluids, there’s a potential for leakage. Not just does this reduce steadily the efficiency and power of the system but it causes a mess. Because so many systems and components require clean environments and surroundings, there’s a chance that the leaking fluid may cause damage and fire hazards. Bear in mind, however, that since this can be a known fact, steps are always taken to make sure that accidents don’t occur. The hydraulic systems themselves were created in this way that they pose little danger for you and to components even during leakage.
The fluid used in these systems must be clean as contaminants can clog pipes. However, it’s possible that pollutants can enter in which case efficacy can be reduced. The environment or setting must, therefore, follow strict sanitary standards during all points of the manufacturing process.
Like all systems, hydraulics has its benefits and drawbacks. But at a time where bulky components are beginning to be edged out in favour of smaller and better systems, hydraulics trumps. Pneumatic and electrical-based machines and components work nicely too but they need a greater source of power or larger pumps to generate exactly the same level of force given out with a hydraulic system. For manufacturers and users requiring such high output, it’s more cost-effective to count on hydraulics. Production time is reduced as efficiency maintains a high average.